Jaw Joint (TMJ) Diseases

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the jaw joint, is located just in front of the ear and provides the movements of the lower jaw. When the joint structure is considered; the upper and lower jaw bones, the structure of the cartilage between these bones and the muscles and fibers connected to them should come to mind.

Major traumas, small continuous traumas such as teeth clenching, teeth grinding, inflammatory diseases, disorders in the development of teeth and jaw structure can be counted among the causes of jaw joint disease.

Joint problems such as noise coming from the jaw joint, restriction or excessive movement when opening and closing the jaw, pain in the ear, head and neck area, wear on the teeth, teeth grinding, etc. joint problems negatively affect the quality of life. People who have problems with oral and dental health should definitely consult an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery specialist about the health of their jaw joints. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important in terms of restoring joint health in a short time.

Non-surgical treatment options for joint disease include alternatives such as stress therapy, splinting (night plate), medication, physical therapy, as well as permanent treatments such as dental and prosthetic restoration to eliminate the causes of the disease. Surgical treatments such as arthrocentesis, arthroscopy, botox application and some joint operations are also available.